#HIF7Explainer: Use of Artificial Intelligence in Supreme Court, what is the meaning of this step?
Feb 22, 2023 at 04:20 pm
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) was used for live transcription for the first time in the Supreme Court on 21 February. It has just been started as an experiment. On this occasion, Chief Justice (CJI) DY Chandrachud said that it has been brought for use for a day or two, so that its shortcoming can be overcome.
Let's try to know the answers to all the questions related to this matter.
What is live transcription?
Live transcription means recording any conversation along with it in written form. In the context of the court, recording the arguments and arguments of lawyers, judges and witnesses in writing during the hearing is called transcription.
Records of court proceedings are also maintained at present, but this work is done manually by the staff. Now for the first time this work is being done through artificial intelligence.
Live transcribing of which cases?
At present, this technology is being used in room number 1 of the Supreme Court. CJI DY Chandrachud hears cases in this room.
At present, he is presiding over a five-judge constitutional bench on the political crisis in Maharashtra. During the hearing on Friday, a bench headed by the CJI deferred the decision to reconsider the 2016 decision of the court in the case of Nabam Rebia vs Deputy Speaker.
What tools are being used for transcription?
An artificial intelligence tool named Teres is being used for live transcription in the Supreme Court. It has been made by Bengaluru-based company Nomology Technology Private Limited. It transcribes using Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques.
What are the problems with AI transcription?
According to the CJI, if there are two or more voices at the same time, then there is some problem and an employee corrects all these mistakes.
According to him, right now only efforts are being made to explore the possibilities of transcription from AI and its permanent use will start later.
This will help lawyers, judges and students studying in law colleges. They will be able to see how arguments are conducted in the court.
How big is this step?
This move is being considered as the second major decision after live streaming of Supreme Court proceedings. This was suggested by senior advocate Indira Jaisingh in a petition for live telecast of court proceedings.
The decision is also considered big from the point of view of maintaining the record of the court. Transcription can be stored as a record, which can be used by lawyers, judges and students at any time later.
In which countries is this technology being used?
Court proceedings are transcribed in countries around the world. However, different techniques are used for this. Audio and text transcripts of Supreme Court proceedings in the US.
Court proceedings are also recorded in the form of transcripts in the United Kingdom (UK) considering the importance of the case. You can buy this transcript later by paying some fees.
What did the lawyers and judges say about this decision?
Justice PS Narasimha, one of the judges of the bench hearing the case, said that now it will be a 'court of record' in true sense as every word is being recorded.
Senior advocate Kapil Sibal said that this would be a big step for the court. He called it wonderful. In a joking manner, he said, "Many generations will know how stupid arguments we made."
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