A Colombian judge resolved a case on the right to health of an autistic child with the help of the robot ChatGPTbeing the first judgment to be drafted from artificial intelligence in the country.
“It is a huge window, today it could be ChatGPT, but in three months it could be any other alternative that makes it easier to write texts and for the judge to rely on them, not with the aim of replacing them”, said the judge in the case, Juan Manuel Padilla, in an interview with Blu Radio this Thursday.
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The ruling dated January 30 resolved a mother's request for her autistic son to be exempted from paying for medical appointments, therapies, and transportation to hospitals, since the family does not have the financial resources to take care of it.
Padilla ruled in favor of the minor and in the sentence he reveals that he interrogated the ChatGPT conversational robot to support his decision.
“Is an autistic minor exempt from paying moderator fees for their therapies?”, asks the judge and the application responds: “Yeah that's right. According to the regulations in Colombia, minors diagnosed with autism are exempt from paying moderator fees in their therapies”.
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The sentence records four similar questions and answers.
“We judges are not stupid, by asking questions to the application we do not stop being judges, of being thinking beingsPadilla explains.
According to the togado, ChatGPT does what it used to provide “a secretary”, “in an organized, simple and structured way”, which “could improve response times in the judicial branch”.
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But Professor Juan David Gutiérrez from the Universidad del Rosario contradicted him and launched the debate on Twitter. In a message thread, the academic asks the same questions as the judge but gets different answers.
“As it happens with other AI in other areas, under the narrative of a supposed efficiency, fundamental rights are put at risk”, he warned.
Since November, the artificial intelligence ChatGPT has spread around the world with supporters and skeptics.
Created by the Californian company OpenAI, the conversational robot works on algorithms and mountains of data.
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Lawyers, engineers, journalists and other professionals wonder if this type of AI could replace them.
“I suspect that many of my colleagues are going to join this and start ethically constructing their sentences with the help of artificial intelligence.”, launched Padilla.